Every day in the news we hear stories about Global warming, Greenhouse emission, climate change etc. and for many people, these things don’t make much sense. I only knew what climate change meant from reading a fictional novel some years ago. I like
to think that it’s because people don’t understand what these words really mean that’s why it’s not taken seriously.

I stumbled upon some definition of these terms in some beneficial articles, and I thought to compile them and share in what I term the A-G of climate change:

A- Anthropogenic
Anthropogenic means the human impact on the environment. The Earth’s climate has changed before, but scientists are sure that type of global warming we are currently experiencing is caused by us.

B-Biodiversity
The variety of plant and animal life in a habitat. With the current climate change, many animals and plants are forced to adapt to the new environment, and it’s not always easy for some animals and plants and that leads to a loss of biodiversity which eventually leads to extinction if care is not taken.

C-Climate change, also called global warming, refers to changes in long-term trends in the average climate, such as changes in average temperatures. An overwhelming scientific consensus maintains that climate change is due primarily to the human use of fossil fuels, which releases carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the air.

D-Deforestation, a significant consequence of global warming, exacerbating the loss of forests from clear-cutting for timber products, land for food crops and biofuels. Deforestation and forest degradation lead to the release of carbon stored in the trees and are a significant source of man-made greenhouse gas emissions and driver of climate change.

E- Extinctions, the permanent eradication of a species,

F-Fossil Fuels
Coal, oil, gas. Over millions of years, plants and animals get squashed underground and turn into fossil fuels. Humans get them out of the ground and burn them for energy. But burning them sends carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, causing global warming.

G-Greenhouse effect

We need some carbon dioxide in the atmosphere to trap the sun’s rays and keep the Earth warm. But all that fossil fuel burning means too much carbon and too much heat is trapped. So, the Earth gets hotter, global temperatures rise = climate change.
What new thing have you learned about climate change from reading this article?

References- https://www.benjerry.co.uk/
https://blogs.wwf.org.uk/
http://www.takepart.com/flashcards/what-is-climate-change/index.html

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